Helminthiasis is a disease in which worms begin to parasitize the human body. Most often they inhabit the gastrointestinal tract, but can be found in tissues or other organs - liver, lungs, heart, brain. The presence of worms is signaled by characteristic symptoms, among which doctors note abnormal bowel movements, abdominal pain, allergic rashes, constant weakness and itching in the anal area. Helminths will not leave the human body on their own, since they exist solely at the expense of their owner, depriving him of vitality.
If signs indicating infection develop, you should consult a doctor. The specialist will listen to all complaints and give a referral for laboratory tests of blood and stool. If research confirms helminthiasis, the parasitologist will tell the patient about the best ways to remove worms from the human body. Traditionally, the most effective methods of treating infestations with the help of drugs are recognized.
Deworming products that have a complex effect work as quickly as possible. This means that the medicines eliminate parasites of absolutely all classes - tapeworms, flukes, roundworms. The mechanism of operation of such medications is based on the total destruction of all helminths present in the human body at the time of administration. The chemical compounds that make up the tablets for worms are included in the metabolic processes of parasites at the enzymatic level. The worms lose the ability to absorb nutrients from the intestinal tract of the infected patient. Ultimately, the helminths die and leave the human gastrointestinal tract dead.
Complex action products are better than others at helping to destroy parasites, but they have their drawbacks. Mass death of worms in some cases leads to intoxication of the body with decay products. Children especially suffer from this, so these medications are prescribed mainly after 2 years. There are also restrictions for adults. The tablets are not taken for liver or kidney pathologies.
Some types of helminthiasis cannot be treated without these medications. It is possible to remove tapeworms only by using medications from the benzimidazoles group.
When choosing treatment tactics, the doctor will also take into account the type of parasites living inside the human intestinal tract. If laboratory tests indicate the presence of nematodes (roundworms), then there is no need to use highly toxic drugs with complex effects. In this case, it is possible to remove worms using safe drugs from the pyrimidine group.
This group of pharmaceutical drugs is preferable for the treatment of infestations in childhood, but is also effective in cases where worms are diagnosed in an adult. Parasites do not die from these tablets and suspensions, so intoxication of the body does not occur. Pyrimidines are better than many other means in helping to remove worms belonging to the class of nematodes, since these worms have well-developed muscles. After taking them, the parasites are immobilized and leave the intestines along with the feces.
Best home treatments
The optimal solution for helminthiasis is deworming tablets. This is the fastest and safest, but not the only way to remove parasites from the body. Some experts are convinced that folk remedies are designed to enhance the effect of traditional medicines.
Worms in the body provoke the development of unpleasant symptoms, so treatment should not be delayed. There is a proven home method to get rid of parasites and restore health. Herbal medicine helps well with helminthiasis. The best plants for fighting worms are tansy, wormwood and cloves.
All dried ingredients are ground to a powder and mixed in equal proportions. The resulting product is taken orally, ½ teaspoon for 20 days. You can also solve the problem of worms with medication if you purchase a ready-made herbal-based drug at the pharmacy. The triad containing extracts of the same plants is considered popular.
Tansy, cloves and wormwood are rich in essential oils that have a detrimental effect on parasites in the intestines, but their use may be limited by age or other characteristics. It is better for children under 12 years of age to refrain from such treatment. These plants are prohibited during pregnancy and lactation, or if you have allergies.
Doctors list several effective recipes that are safe for both children and adults:
- Pumpkin seeds.This product is useful in any form. It is allowed to eat a small handful to prevent helminthiasis and saturate the body with minerals and vitamins. Experts advise making milk from pumpkin seeds. To do this, they are crushed and filled with water, and then infused for 6-8 hours. After the specified time, collect the liquid formed on the surface and take 100 ml of it orally. The course of therapy lasts at least a week.
- Vegetable juices.If a person is diagnosed with worms, then drinks made from fresh vegetables are allowed to be taken at home as maintenance therapy. This not only strengthens the immune system and increases the body's resistance, but also creates unfavorable conditions in the intestines for parasites. The best choice for infestation is juices from tomatoes, carrots, and beets.
- Milk with garlic.Folk remedies for worms are valued for their ease of preparation and availability of ingredients. At home, we will implement the following recipe: 2-3 cloves of the vegetable are peeled and crushed to a pulp, and then mixed with milk. An adult should drink a glass of the product in the evening before bed. It is better for children to refrain from this method due to the high risk of burns to the mucous membranes.
- Enemas with herbal decoction.At home, it is possible to get rid of parasites not only by using the products internally. It is no less useful to inject infusions of medicinal plants into the rectum. The use of wormwood, calamus root, and nettle is allowed, but a decoction of tansy flowers helps best.
Any non-traditional method has its contraindications and limitations. If the infestation is detected in a child, then there is no need to treat worms at home. This will only aggravate the situation and cause significant harm to the baby’s health. It is best to treat helminthiases in childhood with medications. The pediatrician will determine which medications are appropriate for the child.
If worms appear in the intestines, they can be removed from the human body with medication or using traditional methods, but it is best to follow precautionary rules to avoid infection with parasites.
Experts explain that worms will not appear in the body if a person carefully observes the rules of personal hygiene. This primarily concerns hand washing. The procedure is necessary not only before eating, but also after visiting public places, playing outside, or caring for pets. This will avoid accidentally getting worm eggs on your fingers and then swallowing them.
It is important to keep your home and areas where people spend a lot of time clean. This is due to the fact that parasite eggs are not always transmitted from one person to another. Sometimes they enter an apartment on the shoes or paws of animals that have free access to the street. For this reason, it is so important to regularly carry out wet cleaning, including treating the floor and furniture using disinfectants.
Another stage in the prevention of helminthiases is careful control over the food consumed. Any vegetables or fruits that grew on the ground should be washed with soap and water before serving, as the soil is a source of roundworm eggs. To prevent parasites from entering the body, you need to monitor the quality of drinking water.
Particular attention must be paid to meat dishes, since the muscle tissue of pigs or cows may contain tapeworm larvae, which are dangerous to humans. They can be destroyed at home only with complete heat treatment of the food.
In some cases, taking anti-worm tablets is justified. Prevention with the help of medications is appropriate in childhood if the child attends a preschool educational institution in which an outbreak of diseases associated with parasitic worms has been recorded. The same measure is mandatory in the case when the invasion is confirmed in one of the family members. If you suspect the presence of roundworms in the body, doctors recommend taking a drug from the pyrimidine group for preventive purposes. If the risk of infection with tapeworm or tapeworm is high, then parasitologists prefer to prescribe tablets with a complex effect - benzimidazoles.