The question of how to identify parasites in the human body worries many, because these are organisms that lead a parasitic lifestyle, their development cycle assumes a permanent or temporary existence in the human body. This can be done according to certain symptoms. Although different parasites manifest themselves in different ways, there are some common symptoms that can lead a person to believe that they have not very pleasant roommates. Secondly, it is possible to determine the presence of parasites in the body using special diagnostics. Timely diagnosis allows you to prevent serious consequences and avoid diseases that arise as a result of the negative influence of worms.
Signs of parasites in the body
How do you know if there are parasites in the body? You need to listen carefully to your body and the processes that take place in it. At the initial stages of parasitic invasions, the symptoms may not be bright enough, however, a person attentive to their health will notice pathological phenomena and be alert:
- Allergic reactions. One of the signs of a parasitic attack on the human body is allergy. In response to the adverse effects of parasites, the human body begins to produce more eosinophils - protective cells. They can cause allergic reactions. In turn, the parasites release immunoglobulin E into the blood of their host, which contributes to increased allergies. The most powerful of the parasitic is the roundworm allergen, it causes reactions on the body (skin rash), in the digestive tract, in the lungs and in the conjunctiva.
- Discomfort in the gastrointestinal tract. Parasites, which are localized in the small intestine, provoke an inflammatory process in it, as a result of which the normal functioning of the intestine is disrupted. Nutrients are absorbed worse, undigested fats enter the rectum, while a person has spasms, and diarrhea alternates with constipation. In addition, the patient experiences pain in the epigastric region, in the left or right hypochondrium, nausea and heartburn. Appetite disappears, body weight decreases. In case of disturbances in the functioning of the biliary organs and the gastrointestinal tract, acne, pigmentation may appear on the skin, the skin becomes dry and flabby, the complexion is dull.
- Some worms, due to their size or number, are able to block the bile ducts, as a result of which the generalbile duct becomes clogged, the outflow of bile deteriorates or stops, in humans this is manifested in obstructive jaundice. Since toxic substances are mainly excreted through the skin, problems with the gallbladder or liver affect the condition of the skin. Age spots, acne appear, the complexion becomes jaundiced.
- Stool disordersmanifest as diarrhea and constipation. Constipation occurs when the intestinal lumen is blocked by parasites. As for diarrhea, it is provoked by prostaglandin-like substances, which cause a lack of chlorides and sodium in the body.
- Due to prolonged diarrhea, the body loses water, which leads todysbiosis.
- Parasites severely deplete the immune system, immunoglobulin A is produced in smaller quantities and the body becomes vulnerable to viral and infectious diseases.
- Due to the fact that parasites migrate through the body, they can settle anywhere, including muscles and joint fluid. As a result of their intervention in the muscles and joints, inflammatory processes occur that cause pain. Therefore, a person hasjoint aches and muscle pain.
- Due to the disturbance of digestion and absorption of nutrients by worms, a person suffers from a lack of nutrition and a decrease in blood sugar levels, as a result of which body weight decreases. Pathogenic organisms absorb minerals and trace elements necessary for a person, and thereforeanemia and premature aging develops.
- Anxiety and nervous conditions provoke toxic waste products of parasites, they affect the nervous system and cause various disorders on its part.Insomniain humans occurs due to the fact that at night the body is more trying to get rid of harmful organisms.
- In some cases, a large accumulation of helminthic invasions canprovoke oncological processesin the host's body, an especially great risk arises when the parasites are localized in some specific organ - lungs, liver, pancreas, and so on.
An attentive person will certainly notice the symptoms described. He must definitely check for parasites on his own or consult a doctor so that he can send him for diagnosis.
The presence of parasites in the human body can be determined using several diagnostic procedures, which with great accuracy not only reveal the presence of parasites, but also determine their type, quantity, localization and harm that they have caused to human health.
Until recently, the presence of parasites was determined based only on the analysis of feces. Despite the fact that this is the simplest research method, its accuracy is not very high.The fact is that parasites do not lay their eggs every day, and it is impossible to guess when exactly this will happen. Therefore, for an accurate diagnosis, you need to donate feces 10 times during a month. It is not very convenient for working and studying people. But now there are more advanced diagnostic methods:
- X-rays, endoscopy and endobiopsyidentify parasites in internal organs (in the lungs, bile, liver, and so on).
- PCR (polymerase chain reaction). Using samples taken in the form of a sample of saliva, secretions or blood, the DNA of the parasite is determined. If a blood test shows the presence of parasites, then a PCR test can determine whether the parasites are of one type or another.
- ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). It detects antigens and immunoglobulins. The accuracy of such a diagnosis is 90%, and the type of parasites, their number, and the overall dynamics are tracked.
- Bioresonance diagnostics. The patient's body is influenced by electromagnetic oscillations, while only the presence of pathogenic organisms can be checked, but it is impossible to determine their species.
Conclusion and conclusions
If you suspect you have parasites, or just want to get tested on this score, you need to consult a doctor - a parasitologist or infectious disease specialist, he will tell you how to get tested and, if the results are positive, prescribe the correct treatment. Self-treatment is highly discouraged. Firstly, antiparasitic drugs have a large number of contraindications, as they are very toxic. Therefore, they can only be taken after a doctor's prescription. Only a doctor can choose the right dosage to destroy parasites and cause as little harm to the human body as possible.
Secondly, some parasites must be removed from the body under the supervision of a doctor. When a drug acts on the parasite, it dies, but before that, it releases toxins into the blood of its host, which can cause anaphylactic shock in a person.
Thirdly, it is ineffective to use traditional medicine for parasites. They work only as a preventive measure, or in the case when the infection has just occurred, and the larva has not yet turned into an adult, in all other cases it is pointless to be treated with pumpkin seeds, green walnuts, wormwood, and so on.